It started with an act of unspeakable violence and hatred – the June 17 shootings at Emanuel AME Church in downtown Charleston. But the events that followed seemed to restore a small measure of sanity when we desperately needed it the most.
I’m not stupid enough to think that the process of evolution kicked into high gear over the past two weeks, because I’ve seen plenty of backsliding during my 50-plus years on the planet. But like many Americans, I welcomed Governor Nikki Haley’s plea to remove the Confederate flag from the grounds of South Carolina’s State Capitol, as well as affirmative decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court regarding Obamacare and gay marriage.
On the latter two topics, let me just say this: I can’t wrap my head around efforts to deny Americans access to affordable health care and the institution of marriage. If you define yourself as a Christian, it should be apparent this is a very un-Christian-like stance to take.
I’ll save my two cents for a subject I feel like I’ve been studying my entire life: redneck behavior.
Although I was born and raised in a left-leaning and somewhat integrated city in northeast Ohio, I also spent a fair amount of time as a kid with my aunts, uncles and cousins in the Deep South (Milledgeville, GA). So I guess you could describe me as a Yankee with a few Rebel tendencies, including a weakness for driving my uncle’s jeep through the woods and listening to The Allman Brothers Band.
I love my relatives down south, but I always had a hard time dealing with racial attitudes that could be best described as regressive – and, at worst, reprehensible. My great-grandfather fought as a Confederate officer in the Civil War, and many of my ancestors had slaves. My grandfather made pine box caskets for African Americans who couldn’t afford a better option (I doubt if any white people in Milledgeville were buried in those boxes). And a couple of my aunts dropped the N-bomb more than Snoop Dog – in an entirely different context, of course.
During one visit down south, I found a photo in the family album of a lynching (I think it was Leo Frank, the Jewish-American who was questionably convicted of murdering a 13-year-old girl). The hand-written caption underneath? “What a pain in the neck.” In all fairness, I should point out that racial attitudes weren’t exactly progressive back in Akron, where I found a photo of my grandmother and friends in blackface doing their best imitation of early 20th Century gang-bangers – complete with an unfortunate reference to leaving “yo rayzuhs by the do’.”
Given this background, I didn’t need to search for clues to what the Confederate flag represented. Up north, if you saw that flag on someone’s jacket or truck, you could count on the fact that the individual within should be avoided at all costs. Usually, the person was either heading to an Aryan Nation biker bash or a Lynyrd Skynyrd concert. It was like stamping yourself as a proud numbskull with a penchant for violence.
Down south, though, the flag issue was a lot more politically charged. As several recent articles have rightfully pointed out, the Confederate flag was largely ignored for nearly a century following the Civil War. Then after World War II, Dixiecrats such as segregationist George Wallace began embracing it as a symbol of defiance in the face of the Civil Rights movement and federal efforts to integrate schools.
My mom worked for one of those Dixiecrats. She was secretary to Congressman Carl Vinson, who served in the U.S. House for more than 50 years. Among other odd practices, the Congressman only used standard salutations in his letters to white constituents.
I don’t buy the claim that the Confederate flag is “about heritage, not hate.” Do I miss my long-deceased relatives and the south I experienced as a child? Of course. Do I respect and honor the sacrifices of those who fought during the Civil War? Sure. But don’t expect me to treasure a flag that flew for an unconscionable cause. And don’t tell me it’s all about “states’ rights.” That was just code for the right to own slaves and, much later, to oppose equal rights for all Americans. If you don’t believe that’s a hate-filled agenda, you’ve been smoking some of Johnny Van Zant’s weed.
I also don’t have a problem with connecting the dots to the Nazi swastika. When I hung out with some friends in Berlin a couple of years ago, I pressed them a little bit about their heritage. They seemed to view World War II as sort of a strange, collective nightmare they’d already moved far beyond – certainly nothing they’d honor by hoisting a Nazi flag over a government building or displaying it anywhere in public, for that matter. Aside from a few hugely misguided fashion statements, that symbol is only used today by the very worst elements of society – basically skinheads.
With all this in mind, it amazes me that in the year 2000, South Carolina passed a law requiring a two-thirds vote of the state legislature to remove the Confederate flag from the State Capitol grounds. That’s a supermajority for a General Assembly that already has a track record for making stunningly bad decisions. I can’t think of a better way to keep your state mired in the 19th Century, much less enter the 21st.
But the positive events of the past week give me hope that reason will prevail. As Charles Miller Jr., the organist at Emanuel AME who accompanied President Obama’s impromptu rendition of Amazing Grace, told the Charleston Post and Courier: “Nothing can undo what took place. But what has come out of it has been eye-opening and so uplifting. When everyone unites in one place with one voice, great things happen.”
Thanks for this. As a white person who knows other white people, I can attest that any white person who says that flag is about “heritage, not hate” is lying and knows it.
Thank you Tim. Great thoughts and very well chosen words. I am a first time visitor (apologies for taking so long…) to your site and this subject resonates profoundly.
Thank you Frances (and Brenda, I think).
Today as we celebrate the 4th of July here in south Georgia, I observe many, many pickup trucks bearing both the American flag and the Stars & Bars. When I traveled 75 miles or so from my home earlier this week I saw two spanking new Confederate flags and recruitment banners for the Sons of the Confederacy. The overwhelming opinion here is that the Charleston shooter was nothing more than a nut job. Tragic outcome, but a nut job who obtained a gun illegally when his dumbass father bought it for him. i doubt whether public opinion will sway too many folks down here.
Yeah, I get that… It really doesn’t matter what flag that tortured idiot appropriated. We shouldn’t give him that much credit or power. But this Confederate flag business has been bothering me for years. To me, it’s always been a symbol for institutionalized racism. Hundreds of thousands of soldiers on both sides of the Mason-Dixon Line died to resolve the issue of slavery, but too often it seems we’ve never moved beyond the final outcome. Believe me, I understand southern pride and heritage. It’s part of my own DNA. But in this day and age, when our country continues to struggle with issues of race, the Confederate flag only serves to further that divide. If someone’s idea of southern pride and heritage is racially exclusive and highly regressive, then I guess it works just fine. Also, if Gov. Haley had any backbone, she would’ve ordered that flag down when she took office, not following the shootings.
Great piece, Tim. Well-argued and stylishly put.
Yankee people have no clue why the South attempted independence. Northern money would never stop an institution that they personally profited by. Slave ships all ran out of the North. That entire operation was heavily Jewish controlled as were the major slave centers in New Orleans and Charleston. Today blame is put on ‘Whites’. Grandsons of Confederates fought and died to defeat the Nazis in WWII. Today the ADL equates Confederates with ‘Nazis’.
Florida was in the Union for 14 years when it seceded. Before 1860 American Officers took an Oath to THEIR State. NEW YORK Senator Seward (an abolitionist) was on the Senate floor proposing an amendment to forever grant Constitutionally protected slavery for all States to entice the South back into the Union. Why? To entice the South back into the Union, so the South would pay the hefty tariff increases. Confederates fought not for conquest, but for liberty, independence and their own homes. Whereas, the armies of Grant, Sherman and Sheridan murdered and raped thousands, both White and Black and pillaged, burnt and destroyed the countryside and anything of value.
Lincoln was dictator. Lincoln completely abolished Habeas Corpus. No dissent was tolerated and over 30,000 people in the north were imprisoned.
The North made every effort to give the South slavery FOREVER.
Today, the financial powers still own the media and the politicians.
The South’s cause was Righteous. Secession wasn’t over slavery.
Confederates need to be proudly honored with statues and flags in full public display.